Cognitivism at BFS
Cognitivism focuses on the idea that students process information they receive rather than just responding to a stimulus, as with behaviourism. There is still a behaviour change evident, but this is in response to thinking and processing information.
Cognitive theories were developed in the early 1900s in Germany from Gestalt psychology by Wolfgang Kohler. In English, Gestalt roughly translates to the organisation of something as a whole, that is viewed as more than the sum of its individual parts.
In cognitivism theory, learning occurs when the student reorganises information, either by finding new explanations or adapting old ones.
This is viewed as a change in knowledge and is stored in the memory rather than just being viewed as a change in behaviour. Cognitive learning theories are mainly attributed to Jean Piaget. Examples of how teachers can include cognitivism in their classroom include linking concepts together, linking concepts to real-world examples, discussions and problem-solving.